The European Union may send a new security mission to help stabilise Iraq after the expected recapture of Mosul from Daesh, diplomats said, cautioning that plans were at an early stage.
EU foreign ministers will hold a first discussion on Monday in Luxembourg and consider the deployment of an EU Security Sector Reform Advice and Assist Team which could train Iraq security officials, according to a draft statement seen by Reuters.
Iraq has formally requested EU help, diplomats said.
While a small step, any such effort could signal an end to France and Germany’s aversion to European Union involvement in Middle East wars in the wake of the US invasion of Iraq in 2003, which Berlin and Paris opposed.
Both countries are involved separately in the fight against Daesh militants in Syria and Iraq, but the EU’s militaries have struggled to work as a bloc despite broad know-how in non-combat training roles.
An EU mission in Iraq in 2006 to help train judges and police was widely regarded as a failure because it was too small and too limited in duration, an EU official said.
EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini has backed a greater role for the bloc abroad, seeking to develop a common EU defence alliance to match its economic clout.
Any EU mission might dovetail with similar planning at NATO, which this month joined the US-led coalition against Daesh, and is considering training more Iraqi soldiers.
Daesh is on the verge of defeat in its Iraqi stronghold of Mosul and bracing for an assault against its de facto capital in Raqqa, Syria. But U.S. officials are concerned tribal groups may fight for control as the militants flee.
“We cannot afford to allow a vacuum to develop,” said one EU diplomat briefed on the EU discussions.
We and others are ready to step in. Just how we do that is to be decided.
The EU’s foreign service, the European External Action Service, is expected to present proposals soon.
French diplomats say an EU mission could build up Iraqi counter-terrorism forces, establish functioning justice and interior ministries and give strategic security advice to the Iraqi government, as well as train police.
Another EU diplomat said the bloc had a duty to help in a non-combat role, partly to avoid even greater flows of refugees to Europe.